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This study presents the supersonic inductive Magnetohydrodynamic (SIMHD) generator and simulates its model through the use of COSMOL Multiphysics. This generator, as an inductive MHD generator, is suggested to address the problems associated with the conventional MHD generator. Since the proposed generator does not require a moving part to convert thermal energy to electrical energy, it is categorized as a direct energy convertor. The SIMHD generator consists of a converging-diverging duct and is divided into two sections at the diverging part by means of a diaphragm. Both of these sections are diverging, which makes it possible to obtain a high Mach number. In this regard, the performance of the SIMHD generator is studied by its mathematical modeling and numerical simulation using the finite element method. In addition, a sensitivity analysis is carried out on the design parameters. The results indicate that the proposed SIMHD duct design will increase the speed from 160 to 1300 m⁄s, and decrease the temperature from 2100 to 1300 K. Moreover, considering a charge generation equation, the produced power for the resistive load 50 Ω equals 25.3 kW. This generator also has the potential to be used in scramjets and ramjets.


Supersonic inductive MHD generator Direct energy conversion High-temperature flow High Mach number flow Multiphysics numerical modeling

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Yousefi, H. ., Mahmoudi, M. ., & Ghodusinejad, M. H. (2023). Modeling and sensitivity analysis of a supersonic inductive Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) generator. Future Technology, 3(2), 1–10. Retrieved from
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