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In regions prone to droughts, such as Syria, water shortages and urbanization increase the need for water to meet domestic, industrial, commercial, and agricultural demands. According to research, the leaching of toxic substances from the treatment of sewage water stations is likely to influence the quality of groundwater. In some locations, the overexploitation of surface water and groundwater resources has outpaced natural recharge rates, resulting in water scarcity and high demand for safe drinking water. Alternately, climate change has a significant impact on Syria's water situation, resulting in protracted drought in several sections of the nation. Water scarcity has been exacerbated by civil unrest and armed conflict in several areas of Syria, particularly in areas controlled by anti-Assad Syrian rebel groups. Previous studies established that groundwater and surface water pollution is a widespread problem across the entirety of Syria. The high levels of pollution resulting from concentrated agricultural and industrial activities pose a threat to drinking water sources. In addition, industrial waste, which might contain nitrate, phosphate, and heavy metals, contributes to a substantial amount of pollution. This project seeks to increase the use of wind and solar energy as a means of powering water treatment plants in Syria, where water is contaminated with heavy metals and other toxins.


water resources renewable energy wind solar Syria

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Gokcekus, H., Kassem, Y., Mason, M. N., & Selay, J. M. . (2022). Hundred percent renewable wastewater treatment plant: techno-economic assessment using a ret screen, case study Syria. Future Technology, 2(1), 46–57. Retrieved from
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