Main Article Content


This research aims to investigate the effects of climate change on roads, buildings, and bridges infrastructures and provide solutions adopted in developed and developing countries to reduce or mitigate the impact of climate change on infrastructures. The methodology applied in this research consists of three parts, first in-depth research was carried out on Japan and Mozambique to assess the reasons these countries have a high-level impact of events generated by climate change, followed by an analysis of possible causes behind the high exposure to events generated by climate change, comparison in terms of temperature, precipitation, storms, earthquakes, floods, droughts and cyclones during the last 40 years, followed by measures adopted in both counties to reduce the impacts on infrastructure. In accordance with the result of the research, geographic location, climate, development, and economic expansion are major elements that may render developed and developing regions more vulnerable to catastrophic disasters. Furthermore, the methods used to combat climate change are mostly determined by the availability of materials, technologies, and cost aspects.


Climate Change Mozambique Japan Buildings Roads Bridges

Article Details

How to Cite
Gökçekuş, H., Kassem, Y., & Andaque, H. H. S. (2023). Interaction between infrastructure and climate change on buildings, roads, and bridges in developed and developing countries: a case of Japan and Mozambique. Future Technology, 2(3), 24–30. Retrieved from
Bookmark and Share


  1. Schweikert et al. (2014). The infrastructure planning support system: Analyzing the impact. Journal of transport policy, 35(2014)146-153. DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2014.05.019
  2. Andrea, T., & Michael, C. (1986). Climate impacts threatening Japan today and tomorrow.WWF.
  3. Busalacchi et al. (2008, june). Pontential Impacts of Climate Change on U.S. Transportation. Washington, D.C., United States of America: National Research Council.
  4. Backus et al. (2012, February 29). Climate Change and Infrastructure, Urban System, and Vulnerabilities. U.S. Departament of Energy.
  6. Nasr et al. (2019, September 26). Bridges in a changing climate: a study of the potential impacts of climate change on bridges and their possible adaptations. Journal of Structure and Infrastructure Engineering. vol 16, 738-749.
  8. Wilk, K. (2018). Hazards for buildings and structures caused by flood conditions. E3S Web of Conferences 45, 00101 (2018).
  9. Kusar, D. (2017, May 04). The Impact Of Natural Disasters On Buildings Architectural Styles. Acta geografica Slovenica. DOI: 10.3986/AGS48104
  10. AECOM. (2015, November). Incorporating Climate Change Adaptation In Infrastructure Planning And Design. USAID.
  12. Abreu et al. (2022, July 20). Climate Change Impacts on the Road Transport Infrastructure: A Systematic Review on Adaptation Measures. Sustainability.
  16. Ramsbottom, D., & Lumbroso, D. (2017, October 15). Sustainable Flood Risk Management strategies to reduce Rural communities Vulnerability to flooding in Mozambique. Journal of Flood Risk Management.
  17. DOI: 10.1111/j.1753-318X.2008.00005.x
  18. Petry, A. (2003, July). Geography of japan. Japan Digest.
  20. Chinowsky, P., Schweikert, A., Strzepek, N., Strzepek, K., & Kwiatkowski, K. (2012, December). Infrastructure and Climate Change: Impacts and Adaptation for south Africa. United Nations University.
  21. Kaminski et al. (2016). Structural use of Bamboo: Part 01: Introduction to Bamboo.
  22. Nurdiah, E. (2015, September). The Potential of Bamboo as Building Material in Organic Shaped Buildings. Procedia.
  23. Raj, D., & Agarwal, B. (2014, August). Bamboo as a Building Material. Journal of Civil Engineering and Environmental Technology.
  27. Subramanya et al. (2020). Modular Construction vs. Traditional Construction: Advantages and Limitations: A Comparative Study.
  28. Ikeuchi, K. (2012, March 13). Flood Management in Japan. Water and Disaster Management Bureau.
  30. Greissler et al (2007). Palafitas Tipologias Habitacionais em Áreas Costeiras de Frianópolis. VII Seminário Internacional da Lares, São Paulo.
  33. Cheng et al. (2019, December 13). Field Testing of Porous Pavement Performance on Runoff and Temperature Control in Taipei City. MPDI.

Most read articles by the same author(s)